[governance] The decentralization of the DNS system

Jean-Christophe NOTHIAS I The Global Journal jc.nothias at theglobaljournal.net
Tue Jun 23 06:51:37 EDT 2015

Thanks McTim

As indicated quoting was not endorsing. Someone will probably forward to the authors your information regarding Somalia. I am sure they will also note that you consider their idea as a "seemingly unworkable solution" - no surprise to them, I imagine. On a conceptual level their solution is not stupid or unfair. 

Still technically speaking, the Chinese proposal is worth to explore, not to mention the fact that at some point the choice won't be ours to accept or refuse whether China and a few countries suddenly decide to handle their own ccTLD, root and inter-root outside the US multi-stakeholder fairyland.

On a personal view, the lists might be happy to support the current scheme (where one sole government leads over IG) and express concerns over a multitude of governments having their due say. That would still be somehow part of the paradox civil society participants live in. Whatever we think of the concept of nation, or the role of governments, the digital planet can only work with them. And not just with one of them. This is why you have the tide coming up our asymmetric path.


Le 23 juin 2015 à 12:28, McTim a écrit :

> On Tue, Jun 23, 2015 at 4:05 AM, Jean-Christophe NOTHIAS I The Global
> Journal <jc.nothias at theglobaljournal.net> wrote:
>> More on roots.
>> It has been interesting to discuss alternative ideas regarding the way we
>> look and envision the future of DNS management (governance).
>> Here is a presentation made by Binxing Fang and Xiaohua Chen, few days ago
>> in Cuba. It provides a clear view of a Chinese challenging innovative (at
>> least it will be new to many) proposal regarding DNS issues.
>> It introduces the idea of an Inter-Root at ccTLD level. A first step toward
>> a "self-governed architecture for DNS Root Zone resolution".
>> http://www.ventanapolitica.cu/sites/default/files/inter-rootchina.ppt
> a seemingly unworkable solution to 3 non-existent threats.
> For example, the ppt suggests that Somalia has been removed from the root.
> looking at nic.so proves that this is not the case.
>> All of that, in addition to the Open-Root's approach of the root zone issue,
>> indicates that the current DNS governance, under
>> USG/NTIA/ICANN/IANA/VERISIGN is soon to belong to the past as the sole
>> monopolistic scheme to handle DNS root zone issues. It also clearly shows
>> that technicalities are not there to stop such a tide, as technicalities are
>> very manageable - at least easier to handle than political issues.
> If we are to do a fork-lift upgrade to the addressing scheme of the
> entire Internet, this is not the one to choose.  The one that actually
> needs doing is IPv6 transition.
>> We have plenty of options at hand, whether by introducing one or several of
>> the following:
>> - an Inter-Root mechanism (rather smart)
>> - a competition among root zone management systems allowing users to make
>> their mind for registering domain name, and resolving name to IP requests.
>> - a class system for roots, similar to what WIPO did for brands, so that
>> resolution is set with automatisms.
>> - a result page for similar domain names registered in a diversity of roots,
>> that could include a class system (as mentioned above)
>> There is little doubt that things are changing and that no one can stop the
>> digital reforming tide. At the end of the day, the US might lose more thanks
>> to its rigid approach in Internet Governance in preserving its "natural"
>> digital privileges, for the sake of its security and commercial interests.
>> The Chinese proposal is consistent with two key political statements:
>> - See the note by the UN Secretary-General UN to the General Assembly (June
>> 2013) as per the work of the "Group of Governmental Experts on Developments
>> in the field of Information and Telecommunications in the context of
>> International Security". "State sovereignty and international norms and
>> principles that flow from sovereignty apply to State conduct of ICT-related
>> activities, and to their jurisdiction over ICT infrastructure within their
>> territory."
>> - Read the opening statement by Xi Jinping, chairman of the first World
>> Internet Conference (and China Premier) in november 2014: "China is willing
>> to work together with other countries in the world, in the spirit of mutual
>> respect and trust. We together deepen international cooperation, respect for
>> sovereignty of the network, maintain network security, and build a peaceful,
>> secure, open and cooperative network. We hope to establish a multilateral,
>> democratic, transparent international governance system."
> multilateralism is not something this list will likely get behind.
> -- 
> Cheers,
> McTim
> "A name indicates what we seek. An address indicates where it is. A
> route indicates how we get there."  Jon Postel

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