[governance] [bestbits] The decentralization of the DNS system
Jean-Christophe NOTHIAS I The Global Journal
jc.nothias at theglobaljournal.net
Sat Jun 20 01:02:14 EDT 2015
Thanks for sharing your thoughts. If I may put two comments on this.
In my opinion, "decentralization" seems not to be the appropriate word to describe what and how to change the current monopole under ICANN. Information Technology is somehow always related to a Master and its slaves, by electronic nature.
Localisation is often associated with the idea of "nation". Keep in mind that this could mean to imprison people into old boundaries. Localisation might be interesting if a community decides to set up its own network (see the Spanish experiment on this) but that does not address the DNS issue.
In other words, decentralization has been a buzz word propagated by the current owners/rulers of the DNS root zoot management. And basically it is part of the dominant narrative related to the so-called, open, free, decentralized Internet under US/allies ruling boot. Localisation might equate to a returning in the past, pushing us back within the boundaries of the old national thinking. Not sure if we really want this.
What is more needed is either a global common governance (option one), with a public interest perspective, or a competitive market. Were we not satisfied with the ICANN, we should turn to another root-zone manager. This is no dream or utopia. I am no longer sending my domain name request to an ICANN affiliate server, but instead using the Open-Root system to find whatever I am looking for on the web. Thanks to Open-Root, we are also providing for free one domain name with a gTLD managed by Open-Root to NGOs. When the new gTLD .ngo by PIR (Public INterest Registry) given by ICANN to ISOC (PIR is ISOC's TLD roommate and milk cow) is an additional business supposed to make more money, we are happy to provide access to IPs through an independent, cheap (for free, or paid for life) domain name. All our computers are using Open-Root DNS management to access website that ICANN et al cannot see if we do not want the US surveillance apparatus to see it.
The first option (Global Common Governance) is almost dead, thanks to the systematic blockade by the US (gov and businesses) and its usual allies. Moreover, this first option would require both an architectural re-thinking (see JFC's email) and a political and institutional framing (see JNC for its democratic approach of the Internet governance). A long way to go. You show note that the request for a roadmap to a new Internet Governance, as put before the Net Mundial Conference has gone no where expect into giving to ICANN more power over the IANA functions (shifting power from the US to the US).
The second option is fair competition (which I like as it means ending the de facto ICANN monopole) and we are free to practice competition it at any time starting today.
A third option is an old fashion scheme that would fragment the Internet into national sub-Internets, (Westphalian Internets). This is not just old-fashion. This would be a way to imprison people back into their country land under the control of their leaders (good luck with that), unless the current efforts by a few academics come to conclusion in order to interconnect different root-zone management systems. There are a few bright minds working on this interconnectivity, whether the roots would be national or global.
For anyone interested to use the OPEN ROOT to browse the web, and break free from the ICANN affiliates, feel free to write to me for guidance and information.
Le 19 juin 2015 à 23:28, willi uebelherr a écrit :
> The decentralization of the DNS system
> We need a completely self-organizing Internet. And this is possible only through massive decentralization. We can look at the difficulties at the beginning of the Internet with tolerance. They were mostly of technical nature. But today we have other conditions. And under such other conditions arise other possibilities.
> It is about the IP address. It is necessary to ensure that the packets find their direct path to their goals. The router work with numbers. We humans with text. The content is the same. Only the representation is different.
> The Internet, a transport system for digital data in packet form, needs the destination address in order to direct the packets to their destinations. The packages contain that destination address. Thus, the packets are always the instance to activate and orient the router.
> This, however, requires the knowledge of the geographical position of the target in order to determine the direction to this. But this question is not the subject of this text. Here i speak about about how the transformation of a text can be organized properly into the numerical representation of the IP address.
> We focus on the ccTLD (country code Top Level Domain). It is the first level of the cascade for the decentralized organization of the DNS system. The gTLD (generic TLD such as .com, .org, .net ...) do not interest us. Each person can decide for themselves whether they want to apply this nonsense.
> Each host on the Internet, client or server or both, has a unique and singular geographical position. We describe it with the world coordinate system WCS 1984 (WCS84) or later versions. All GPS and online map systems work with that. For mobile devices, this is always the position of the access point to the Internet. To transport the packages we need this information so that the router can select the most direct route.
> The decentralization of the DNS system rests on the cascade steadily reduced regions. The first level is the ccTLD. So a country with borders, as we know it today. We can use this, although it is not optimal. All other levels are determined exclusively in their regions. The administration, as set, change, and resolve, only happens in the region. This applies to each level.
> The organizational level for the ccTLD is the association of the countries on our planet. So the UN. The regions within a country are organizational objects in the respective country. Local regions are organizational properties of the larger region.
> The organizational models are always determined at the level of each region. In order for a region in Brazil is achieved via the ccTLD ".br" worldwide. But their internal deeper structure may be different from the structure in Kenya, India or Russia. Regardless of the specific local / regional organizational structure of the DNS system, we always get the correct IP address for our goal. Only the principles of the resolution of a domain sequence into a numeric IP address is the subject of our common discussion.
> With the local self-organization we dissolve the need for global Internet Governance. This may for organizations, that are derive its raison d'être from the global Internet Governance, be uncomfortable. We carry this with serenity.
> Important for us is to help all the people in the different regions of our planet to organize their own DNA structure in accordance with their own principles. This makes it possible for all people of our planet to connect to all regions of our planet for the communication.
> We have several instruments which have well proven in the history of the Internet. The most important instrument are the RFCs. With that we can best explain the principles of decentralized DNS system. And this is also the place where we describe the global access to the ccTLD's. The rest is regional and local task.
> The dynamics in the inventory of domains can be very large. But this task is clearly and simply by decentralization of the administration.
> An important field of our activities in the IG forums is the propagation of a free access to the setting up, modification and dissolution of a domain. Technically this is not a major challenge, because the processing of an item can be organized by the applicants themselves. There is only one set in a simple database. The blockages are in the bureaucratic systems. But the dissolution of these blockades always remains the task of the people in their regions.
> With the help of free software and open source software we can do this very easily realized in a large cooperation. So the DNS system is an experiential field of creative and international cooperation.
> with many greetings, willi
> Porto Alegre, Brasil
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