[governance] Re: The Internet (as we know it) can never be "private"
daniel at digsys.bg
Tue Jul 19 05:57:44 EDT 2011
On 18.07.11 22:02, Salanieta T. Tamanikaiwaimaro wrote:
> For your information, I have been working on pushing for the building
> local IXP but that in itself is not the solution. There are numerous
> other challenges.
While not the immediate solution, building one or more local exchange
points greatly improves the chances for a more level playing field.
In Bulgaria, we have been victims to the same "unfair" situation, with
all sorts of opportunists coming and selling international bandwidth to
the country, at outrageous prices. And this has continued for many, many
But then, eventually local players began to understand (something we
have been trying to tell them for many years), that the Internet is not
"a connection to somewhere out there", but rather, everywhere and that
an ISP is not merely buying and selling Internet connectivity as it was
perceived in the past - they are "producing" the Internet.
Initial IXP attempts, supported by the monopoly telecom failed, but this
did not prevent many private interconnects to exist. Thanks to few
commercial initiatives, we now have several IXPs. Because they are
commercial, they compete with each other. This has in practice freed the
competing ISPs, lowered their costs tremendously and provided cheap
connectivity to end users. The key to freedom was competition and lack
of any regulation.
Eventually, those international players came, invested in their own
connections to the IXPs and now beg the local ISPs to sell them
connectivity to the outside world at orders of magnitude lower prices.
At the moment we enjoy much faster broadband Internet and much lower
prices than is available anywhere in Europe.
This is not to say, that local IXPs are the solution, but they do help a
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