[governance] IGF workshop: Internet for All (v 2.0)
Jeffrey A. Williams
jwkckid1 at ix.netcom.com
Wed Jul 2 15:44:58 EDT 2008
Avri and all,
Thank you for the reminder re artical 29 and 19. I know
our members have been refrencing it for years vis a vi ICANN.
We wonder quite frankly, when ICANN will fully recognize
in particular article 29? Perhaps you could or would be
so kind as to enlighten us in this regard?
>From: Avri Doria <avri at psg.com>
>Sent: Jul 2, 2008 8:58 AM
>To: Governance Caucus <governance at lists.cpsr.org>
>Subject: Re: [governance] IGF workshop: Internet for All (v 2.0)
>Perhaps there isn't anything to subtract from article 19 other then
>the effects of article 29? i sometimes worry that people are so
>focused on the positive value of 19 that they miss the fact that 29
>allows a lot of abrogation of that positiveness.
>Unfortunately article 29 made into the WSIS texts as well.
>For anyone who does not remember 29 - the get out of FOE free article:
> (1) Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the
>free and full development of his personality is possible.
> (2) In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall
>be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely
>for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights
>and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of
>morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.
> (3) These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised
>contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
>On 2 Jul 2008, at 17:30, KovenRonald at aol.com wrote:
>> Dear All --
>> On the question of freedom of expression and the Internet, the
>> position of the press freedom groups of the Coordinating Committee
>> of Press Freedom Organizations, to which the World Press Freedom
>> Committee belongs, has been the same as that taken by leading
>> delegations such as that of Canada and others in the WSIS, that
>> there should be "no new rights" but that there is a need for
>> reaffirmation of existing rights, notably Article 19 of the
>> Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
>> In this 60th anniversary year of the UDHR, the Coordinating
>> Committee adopted a resolution just last month in Belgrade that
>> there is nothing to add or to subtract from Art. 19 and that it is
>> time to work for its full implenentation in the world. I append the
>> text below.
>> While I understand the desire to explore other aspects of Internet
>> access, I strongly feel that, when it comes to freedom of
>> expression, any attempts to "improve" on Art. 19 in an
>> intergovernmental context will only lead to watering down its
>> unqualified call for free speech, on and off-line.
>> It was a major struggle to get Art. 19 into the final WSIS texts, a
>> struggle in which pretty much all of the civil society groups took
>> part cooperatively. Nothing being proposed here should now come to
>> undermine the notable success of that effort.
>> We are prepared to reiterate the above points in Hyderabad.
>> Best regards,
>> Ronald Koven
>> European Representative
>> World Press Freedom Committee
>> COMMITTEE TO PROTECT JOURNALISTS
>> INTER AMERICAN PRESS ASSOCIATION
>> INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BROADCASTING
>> INTERNATIONAL PRESS INSTITUTE
>> WORLD ASSOCIATION OF NEWSPAPERS
>> WORLD PRESS FREEDOM COMMITTEE
>> Resolution on Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
>> The Coordinating Committee of Press Freedom Organizations, meeting
>> in Belgrade June 18, 2008, hailed forthcoming United Nations
>> commemorations of the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration
>> of Human Rights and called upon UN bodies and their member states to
>> act to implement their pledge of freedom of expression and of press
>> freedom, as contained in the Declaration's Article 19:
>> "Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression;
>> this right includes freedom to hold opinions without
>> interference and to seek, receive and impart information and
>> ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers."
>> While means of enforcement were not provided for when the UN voted
>> that text on Dec. 10, 1948, it has been widely recognized by the
>> world's most prestigious national and international courts as now
>> constituting international customary law. It was a pledge by the
>> international community to enshrine free speech and a free press
>> among the fundamental rights for everyone everywhere.
>> Article 19 has stood the test of time. The text was prescient. There
>> is nothing to add and nothing to subtract. Its provision of the free
>> flow of "information and ideas through any media and regardless of
>> frontiers" made it possible to move from a world in which short wave
>> radio was the main transfrontier news outlet to one that encompasses
>> all later developments in communications technology, including
>> direct satellite broadcasting and the Internet.
>> Contrary to some later assertions, it was not produced solely by
>> Western countries but by a globally representative group of
>> countries. The Drafting Committee that wrote it comprised Australia,
>> Chile, China, France, Lebanon, Soviet Union, United Kingdom, and
>> United States, represented by Eleanor Roosevelt, who chaired the
>> Committee. It was adopted without dissent by the UN General Assembly.
>> The only problem with Article 19 is that it is not respected nor
>> implemented everywhere. The time is long past for the United Nations
>> to move to make it so. Those countries that ignore their commitments
>> to respect freedom of expression and freedom of the press should be
>> enjoined to do so.
>> Failure to honor those commitments should be treated as a serious
>> breach and should be sanctioned by such measures as exclusion from
>> UN human rights bodies. The UN system should reinforce its aid to
>> the development of independent news outlets everywhere.
>> We members of the Coordinating Committee of Press Freedom
>> Organizations, representing journalists and news outlets throughout
>> the world, call upon the United Nations and its agencies to move now
>> from their promise of global press freedom to adopt measures for
>> implementation needed to transform that promise into practice.
>> Gas prices getting you down? Search AOL Autos for fuel-efficient
>> used cars.
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