[bestbits] Remarks of Lawrence E. Strickling Assistant Secretary for Communications and Information Internet2 Global Summit

Joly MacFie joly at punkcast.com
Wed Apr 29 19:47:41 EDT 2015

I captured vid of this, and the subsequent convo with Sally Wentworth.


On Wed, Apr 29, 2015 at 8:17 AM, Carolina Rossini <
carolina.rossini at gmail.com> wrote:

> ---------- Forwarded message ----------
> From: Joelle Tessler <JTessler at ntia.doc.gov>
> Date: Tue, Apr 28, 2015 at 5:06 PM
> Subject: Remarks of Assistant Secretary Strickling at Internet2 Global
> Summit
> To: Joelle Tessler <JTessler at ntia.doc.gov>
> Remarks of Assistant Secretary Strickling at Internet2 Global Summit
> *Remarks of Lawrence E. Strickling*
> *Assistant Secretary for Communications and InformationInternet2 Global
> SummitWashington, D.C.April 28, 2015*
> http://www.ntia.doc.gov/speechtestimony/2015/remarks-assistant-secretary-strickling-internet2-global-summit
> *--As Prepared for Delivery--*
> I am honored to be here to speak at Internet 2’s Global Summit.  Internet2
> has been a strong partner with NTIA as a recipient of a $62 million
> Recovery Act broadband grant.  With this grant, Internet2 has lit or
> upgraded over 18,000 miles of a national fiber backbone network.  This 100
> gigabit per second backbone is accessible to more than 93,000 community
> anchor institutions through Internet 2’s partnership with regional research
> and education networks.  Several of these networks also received NTIA
> grants so we know that in Michigan, North Carolina and numerous other
> states, the good work of Internet 2 and the research and education
> community is driving higher speeds and lower cost broadband for schools and
> other institutions of learning.
> However, I did not come here today to talk about broadband.  My topic
> today is Internet governance.  This is an important and timely issue for
> everyone who relies on the Internet but particularly for the members of
> Internet2.  As your website states, “the commercial Internet we know today
> was shaped by the vision and work of the people and organizations in the
> Internet2 community.”  Indeed, we only enjoy the Internet today due to the
> engagement of the academic community decades ago.
> The first four nodes on ARPANET, the experimental network from which the
> Internet evolved, were universities:  UCLA, Stanford, the University of
> California at Santa Barbara and the University of Utah.  The first message
> ever sent was between UCLA and Stanford.  We know from history that this
> first attempt to login crashed the system but the problem was quickly fixed
> and the rest is history.
> New challenges to the Internet emerge every day, whether they are related
> to cybersecurity, privacy, or the free flow of information across borders.
> As we confront these challenges, we continue to debate a key question that
> has dominated international discussions over the last decade or so,
> specifically who should govern the Internet?  Who should make the decisions
> that determine what the Internet of tomorrow will look like?  How can we
> ensure that the decisions made today will enable the Internet to continue
> to thrive as the amazing engine of economic growth and innovation we enjoy
> today?
> The debate has focused on two very different choices.  One choice is that
> governments alone should make the key decisions on the governance of the
> Internet.  This is the choice favored by authoritarian governments that
> want to restrict the information available to their citizens.  The other
> choice is to rely on all stakeholders to make these decisions through what
> is known as the multistakeholder model of Internet governance.
> What do we mean by the multistakeholder model?  One expert defines the
> multistakeholder model as different interest groups coming together on an
> equal footing to “identify problems, define solutions, and agree on roles
> and responsibilities for policy development, implementation, monitoring and
> evaluation.[1]
> <http://www.ntia.doc.gov/print/speechtestimony/2015/remarks-assistant-secretary-strickling-internet2-global-summit#_ftn1>
> From that description, there are two key attributes to emphasize:
> participation and consensus decision-making.
> Let me start with participation.  Internet policy issues draw a much
> larger range of stakeholders than traditional telecommunications issues.
> One key benefit of multistakeholder processes is that they can include and
> engage all interested parties.  Such parties can include industry, civil
> society, government, technical and academic experts and even the general
> public.  The Internet is a diverse, multi-layered system that thrives only
> through the cooperation of many different parties.  Solving, or even
> meaningfully discussing, policy issues in this space, requires engaging
> these different parties.  Indeed, by encouraging the participation of all
> interested parties, multistakeholder processes can encourage broader and
> more creative problem solving.
> The second key attribute is consensus decision-making.  It is important
> that stakeholders come together on an equal footing.  The best way to
> ensure that all parties are treated equally is to make decisions on a
> consensus basis.  Final decisions need to reflect the views of all
> stakeholders as opposed to just the views of only one of the stakeholder
> communities involved.
> Multistakeholder organizations such as the Internet Engineering Task Force
> and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) have
> played a major role in the design and operation of the Internet and are
> directly responsible for its success.  Within the Obama Administration, we
> believe that maintaining and extending this model is important to ensure
> the continued growth and innovation of the Internet.
> There is bipartisan support for the multistakeholder model of Internet
> governance.  Both Republican and Democratic administrations have
> consistently emphasized that the multistakeholder process is the best
> mechanism for making decisions about how the Internet should be managed.
> Congress agrees.  Earlier this spring, the Senate unanimously passed Senate
> Resolution 71, which states that the “United States remains committed to
> the multistakeholder model of Internet governance in which the private
> sector works in collaboration with civil society, governments, and
> technical experts in a consensus fashion.”
> Today, the Internet is at a critical juncture.  We are continuing to
> oppose efforts by authoritarian regimes to replace multistakeholder
> decision making with a process limited only to governments.  This debate
> came to a head in 2012 at the International Telecommunication Union’s World
> Conference on International Telecommunications (WCIT) in Dubai.  At this
> meeting, governments split over whether the ITU, a United Nations
> organization in which only nations have a vote, should have more control
> over the Internet.  A majority of countries there supported greater
> governmental control.
> However, since that conference, we have seen a growing acceptance of the
> multistakeholder model around the world, but particularly in developing
> countries.  Democracies in the developed world have long supported the
> multistakeholder model of Internet policymaking.  The Organization for
> Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) adopted a set of principles for
> Internet policymaking in 2011 that strongly endorse multistakeholder
> cooperation.  The OECD principles state, “multistakeholder processes have
> been shown to provide the flexibility and global scalability required to
> address Internet policy challenges.”
> What is now emerging is greater acceptance of the model in developing
> countries.  A year ago, Brazil hosted the successful NetMundial conference,
> which brought together a wide range of stakeholders including technical
> experts, civil society groups, industry representatives and government
> officials, all on an equal footing with each other.  At this meeting not
> only did participants agree that Internet governance should be built on
> democratic multistakeholder processes, the entire meeting was a
> demonstration of the open, participative, and consensus-driven governance
> that has allowed the Internet to develop as an unparalleled engine of
> economic growth and innovation.
> Most recently, at the ITU’s 2014 Plenipotentiary conference in Busan,
> Korea late last year, we saw the fruits of all our work to preserve
> multistakeholder Internet governance.  The United States achieved all of
> its objectives in Busan, including keeping the ITU’s work focused on its
> current mandate and not expanding its role into Internet and cybersecurity
> issues.
> This validation of the multistakeholder model comes at a critical time.
> Last year, NTIA announced its intention to complete the privatization of
> the Internet Domain Name System (DNS). Key to the operation of the DNS is
> the performance of important technical functions known as the IANA
> functions, the most well known of which is the maintenance of the
> authoritative root zone file, the telephone book for the Internet that
> supports the routing of all traffic to websites.
> The process of privatization of the DNS began in 1998, when NTIA entered
> into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with ICANN to transition technical
> DNS coordination and management functions to the private sector.  A year
> ago in March, NTIA asked ICANN to convene a multistakeholder process to
> develop a proposal to take the final step to complete the transition of the
> U.S. stewardship over the IANA functions to the international community.
> We did this to ensure that the multistakeholder model for DNS coordination
> continues.  Some governments have long bristled at the historical role the
> U.S. government has played in the DNS and have used our continued
> stewardship of the DNS as an excuse to argue for greater government control
> over how the Internet is governed.
> When we announced this transition, we outlined some specific conditions
> that must be addressed before this transition takes place.  First, the
> proposal must support and enhance the multistakeholder model of Internet
> governance, in that it should be developed by the multistakeholder
> community and have broad community support.  More specifically, we will not
> accept a transition proposal that replaces the NTIA role with a
> government-led or intergovernmental organization solution.  Second, the
> proposal must maintain the security, stability, and resiliency of the
> domain name system.  Third, it must meet the needs and expectations of the
> global customers and partners of the IANA services.  And finally, it must
> maintain the openness of the Internet.
> We are pleased that the community has responded enthusiastically to our
> call to develop a transition plan that will ensure the stability, security
> and openness of the Internet.  The community is in the process of
> developing proposals related to the specific IANA functions as well as
> examining how to ensure ICANN remains accountable to the global Internet
> community.
> I am confident that engaging the global Internet community to work out
> these important issues will strengthen the multistakeholder process and
> will result in ICANN’s becoming even more directly accountable to the
> customers of the IANA functions and to the broader Internet community.
> Some of you here today are likely participating in the stakeholder
> discussions to design the transition plan.  Others of you are no doubt
> wondering why you should care about this transition and what is at stake
> for you.  The members of Internet2, such as universities and research
> institutions, depend on the free flow of information.  Completing the
> privatization of the Domain Name System is an important step to ensure that
> the Internet remains a global platform for the free exchange of ideas,
> commerce and social progress.
> Failing to complete the transition, as we promised 17 years ago, risks
> breaking trust in the United States and in the underlying system that has
> enabled the Internet to work seamlessly for consumers and businesses.
> Introducing this uncertainty could have a significant impact on American
> companies that depend on the Internet to do business if other countries
> respond by erecting barriers to the free flow of information or worst case,
> abandoning the long-held belief in the power of a single Internet root.
> The transition plan is being developed by the Internet’s stakeholders and
> must be a proposal that generates consensus support from the
> multistakeholder community.  All of you can play a role to ensure a good
> outcome.  First, I encourage you to participate in the transition planning
> process.  You are an important constituency and those crafting this plan
> must hear from you as this transition progresses.  Second, stay informed on
> the progress of the transition.  When the community completes its consensus
> plan, let your voice be heard in support of completing the transition.  We
> all have a stake in this transition and in ensuring the Internet remains an
> open, dynamic platform for economic and social progress. Decades ago, the
> academic community played a central role in the development of the
> Internet; now we need you to play an active role in its future.
> Thank you for listening.
> Joelle Tessler
> Manager of Stakeholder Relations and Outreach
> National Telecommunications and Information Administration
> U.S. Department of Commerce
> jtessler at ntia.doc.gov
> --
> --
> *Carolina Rossini *
> *Vice President, International Policy and Strategy *
> *Public Knowledge*
> *http://www.publicknowledge.org/ <http://www.publicknowledge.org/>*
> + 1 6176979389 | skype: carolrossini | @carolinarossini
> --
> *Carolina Rossini *
> *Vice President, International Policy*
> *Public Knowledge*
> *http://www.publicknowledge.org/ <http://www.publicknowledge.org/>*
> + 1 6176979389 | skype: carolrossini | @carolinarossini
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